Robots could replace real therapy dogs

Date:
December 10, 2020
Source:
University of Portsmouth
Summary:
Robotic animals can be the ‘pawfect’ replacement 帶貓去美國   for our actual-existence furry buddies, a new look at has discovered.
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Robotic animals may be the ‘pawfect’ alternative for our actual-life hairy friends, a new examine published these days by means of the University of Portsmouth has found.

Animals, specially dogs, could have therapeutic advantages for kids and young people. A new paper, posted in The International Journal of Social Robotics, has observed that the robotic animal, ‘MiRo-E’, may be simply as effective and may even be a higher alternative.

Dr Leanne Proops from the Department of Psychology, who supervised the examine stated: “We understand that actual puppies can offer calming and enjoyable interactions for youngsters — increasing their emotions of wellness, improving motivation and lowering strain.

“This initial examine has found that biomimetic robots — robots that mimic animal behaviours — can be a appropriate alternative in positive situations and there are some benefits to using them over a actual dog.”

Dogs are the most typically used animals for remedy because of their education ability and commonly social nature. However, there are worries approximately using them in a putting with youngsters due to the danger of triggering allergic reactions or transmitting disease, and a few humans do not like puppies, so won’t be relaxed within the presence of a real therapy dog.

Olivia Barber, who owns a therapy canine herself, and is first author of the paper, stated: “Although plenty of humans in faculties and hospitals advantage significantly from receiving visits from a therapy canine, we need to understand of the welfare of the therapy canine. Visits may be demanding and quite tiring for remedy dogs, which means that we must be exploring whether the use of a robotic animal is viable.”

There are lots of positives to the usage of a robotic animal over a remedy canine. They may be thoroughly cleaned and might paintings for longer durations of time. They can also be exceptionally lifelike, mirroring the movements and behavior of a actual animal, inclusive of wagging their tails to show pleasure, expressing “emotions” via sounds and colour, turning their ears closer to sounds or even going to sleep.

The researchers used real puppies and a biomimetic robotic in a mainstream secondary school in West Sussex to engage with 34 youngsters elderly eleven-12.

The two real-existence therapy dogs were a three-yr-vintage Jack Russell crossed with a Poodle and a 12-year-antique Labrador-retriever from the charity Pets as Therapy. The robot changed into a MiRo-E biomimetic robotic developed by way of Consequential Robotics.

The youngsters have been requested to complete a questionnaire approximately their ideals and attitudes in the direction of dogs and robots, earlier than they took component in separate free-play classes, one with a real-lifestyles dog and one with a robotic.

The researchers determined the kids spent a similar quantity of time stroking each the actual-lifestyles dog and the robot, however they spent extra time interacting with the robot.

Despite the children reporting they considerably desired the session with the living canine, normal leisure changed into high and that they truly expressed more nice feelings following interaction with the robotic. The extra the youngsters attributed intellectual states and sentience to the dog and robotic, the more they enjoyed the classes.

Dr Proops said: “This is a small-scale observe, however the outcomes display that interactive robot animals may be used as a very good contrast to live dogs in studies, and a useful opportunity to standard animal remedy.”

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Story Source:

Materials supplied by means of University of Portsmouth. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.

Journal Reference:

Olivia Barber, Eszter Somogyi, Anne E. McBride, Leanne Proops. Children’s Evaluations of a Therapy Dog and Biomimetic Robot: Influences of Animistic Beliefs and Social Interaction. International Journal of Social Robotics, 2020; DOI: 10.1007/s12369-020-00722-zero
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University of Portsmouth. “Robots should replace real therapy dogs.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 10 December 2020. <www.Sciencedaily.Com/releases/2020/12/201210112046.Htm>.

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